The Top Five Threats To Cloud Security

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Cloud security is essential for every business that uses it. This is our list of top topics to watch to ensure your safety.

High availability: Threat actors are also included.

Hosted resources have high availability, which is one of the main advantages of the cloud. They can be accessed from any location. That’s fantastic. It also means that cloud infrastructure is inevitable! The internet is always at your doorstep. This allows any threat agent to attempt to connect to your servers or services to perform port scans, dictionary attacks, and reconnaissance activities.

Cloud infrastructure presents many of the same security challenges as traditional infrastructure. Some of these are more complex or present additional risks. First, identify the risks associated with cloud infrastructure. Countermeasures, other activities, and responses that reduce or minimize these risks are necessary. Make sure you document these actions and share them with everyone involved. This will help you to create a cloud security strategy.

It’s like not having a cloud security plan. It’s actually worse due to the internet-oriented nature of cloud security.

The risks you are exposed to will vary depending on how the cloud is used and what combination of cloud offerings you use. There are many ways to categorize risks. These risk categories have been grouped together to create a consistent but generic risk group. You may not find the right combination of these risk groups to apply to your specific use cases. Before you remove them.

Human error and wrong configuration

Organizations of all sizes continue to be plagued by errors caused by overload, negligence, or ignorance. Every week, the system is compromised by forgotten items and misplaced settings. An out-of-date SSL Certificate was exploited by more than 160 million people. It would not have happened.

Security researchers use tools like Shodan to find unsecured containers almost every week. This search engine searches for ports and devices. Many of these breaches and exposures are caused by people expecting things to be secure. After creating the remote server, you must take the same security measures as any other server to increase and strengthen its security. Patches are also necessary. Server protection requires that patches be applied promptly to ensure safety and maintenance.

Even after installation, applications must be strengthened, including data stores and databases such as ElasticSearch. The default accounts must be reset with new credentials, and APIs should be secured to the maximum extent possible.

If possible, two-factor or multiple-factor authentication should be used. SMS-based two-factor authentication is easy to compromise. If they aren’t being used, disable them. To prevent them from being used, they should be locked or required to be issued with private and unissued API keys. Web application firewalls provide protection against cross-site scripting and SQL injection attacks.

Inability to control change

When modifying or updating a system, configuration errors can be introduced. It should be done in a controlled, predictable manner. This includes planning, approving changes, revising codes, applying them to a sandbox, testing them, and finally implementing them in the system. This is the perfect place for automation. As long as your pipeline from development to execution is strong enough and tests what it says it does, you can automate as many times as you want.

You should also be aware of changes in the threat landscape. It is impossible to control the number of new vulnerabilities discovered by threat actors. You can take control of your infrastructure and scan it regularly. Cloud to ensure that all known vulnerabilities are fixed.

Conducting thorough and frequent penetration tests of the cloud infrastructure is essential. It is necessary to identify and fix vulnerabilities to protect your cloud investment. Penetration scans identify and correct vulnerabilities such as forgotten open ports, unprotected APIs, and stacks of obsolete protocols. They also look for common misconfigurations and all vulnerabilities found in the Common Vulnerabilities & Exposures database. These scans can be automated to notify you when an item is available.

Account embezzlement

Account hijacking refers to gaining access to an authorized person’s email address, login credentials, or any other information required to authenticate to a service or computer system. The threat agent can then change the password. The threat agent can then change the password.

Dictionary attacks and phishing are both standard methods of obtaining credentials. Dictionary attacks are not limited to permutations of standard numbers and letters but also dictionary words. These dictionary attacks can also use passwords stolen from other data breaches. Account-holders may have been involved with security breaches and reused your system’s compromised password. This creates a vulnerability in your system. You should not reuse passwords on any other method.

In this instance, multi-factor and two-factor authentication are both possible. Also, automatic scanning of logs will help to identify failed access attempts. However, you should ensure that you have reviewed the policies and procedures of any hosting provider. Industry best practices will be followed, but it was discovered that Google kept G Suite passwords in plain text for 14 years.

Low visibility

It is difficult to drive in fog. It is challenging to manage a system that lacks the detailed information security professionals to verify and monitor its security. A job is only as good as the ability to see what you need.

Cloud servers often support multiple connection methods such as Secure Shell, Remote Desktop Protocol, Secure Shell, and integrated web portals. These can all be attacked. You need to be aware of any attacks. You can request better logging or transparent access to logs from hosting service providers, but this is not a default option. This is not something they do by default.

Accessing logs is just the beginning. It is vital to examine the logs and identify unusual behaviors. Analyzing logs from multiple systems can reveal more than looking at each record individually. Automated tools can be used to identify unusual or suspicious events. Better tools can identify patterns, detect suspicious circumstances caused by attacks, and warrant further investigation.

Failure to adhere to data protection regulations

Non-compliance can be equated to data protection or data confidentiality for a wrong system configuration. It is still vulnerable to other types of vulnerabilities, such as failure to comply with the laws regarding collecting, processing, and transmitting personal information.

This is a trap that you could easily fall into. Data protection is a good thing. Legislation that requires organizations to operate in a manner that protects and secures individuals’ data is also good. It is difficult to understand the legislation without having sufficient experience or specialized assistance.

Legislation is continually being updated, and new legislation is being introduced. British companies found themselves in an unusual position when the United Kingdom left EUE on 31 January 2020. They must comply with the British version of the General Data Protection Regulation (Chapter Two of the Protection Act). 2018 data from the United Kingdom for any data they have about British citizens. If they have personal data that belongs to someone living in another part of Europe, the EU’s GDPR applies.

The GDPR applies to all organizations regardless of where they are located. These GDPRs apply to all organizations that collect, process or store the personal information of British or European citizens. They do not only apply to the UK or EU-based organizations. The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) follows the same pattern. It applies to all California residents regardless of the processing location. It is not something California organizations need to deal with. It is not your place that matters. It is not your location that matters.

California isn’t the only country to address the problem of data privacy via legislation. Nevada, Maine, Massachusetts, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New York, Maryland, and Massachusetts have privacy laws.

These laws are in addition to federal legislation that is vertical-focused, such as HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act), Children’s Online Privacy Protection Rule Rule (COPPA), and Gramm-Leach-Bliley Acts (GLBA) if applicable to your activities.

This legislation applies to all information collected through a portal or website hosted in the cloud infrastructure. Non-compliance could result in severe financial penalties, reputational damage, and the possibility of class action.

If done right, it can be a full-time job.

Cloud computing presents unique security challenges. It is vital to choose the right hosting provider. Before you engage them, make sure to do thorough research.

Is their security serious? What is their track record?

Are they able to offer support and guidance, or do they just sell their services, and you take care?

What security tools and measures are they offering as part of their service offerings?

What journals are you interested in?

Cloud computing is often discussed with the well-known phrase: “Cloud just means someone else’s computer.” It is a simplification like all other words. It still has some truth. This is something to think about.

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